The reserve "Dzherginsky" was established on August 14, 1992 in the Buryat ASSR on the basis of the state reserve that existed since 1974. The main purpose of its creation is to preserve the natural complex of the sources of the Barguzin River in its natural state, study the gene pool of plants and animals, and develop scientific foundations for nature conservation of this unique region.

The specially protected natural area is located at the junction of three large mountain ranges: The Barguzin ridge with its snowy peaks, the Yuzhno-Muisky and Ikat ranges with their amazing intermountain basins, where the mighty Barguzin River originates. The reserve is a natural benchmark of the north-eastern basin of Lake Baikal, a UNESCO World Natural Heritage Site. The heart of the reserve can be called the relict Amut basin – there are many large and small crystal clear lakes, including Lake Balan-Tamur.

"The relict Amut Basin is a real natural pearl of Buryatia with its unique ecosystem, rich opportunities for exploring glacial lakes and developing ecological tourism. It is important to preserve all this splendor for all generations in our country," said Alexander Kozlov, Head of the Ministry of Natural Resources of Russia.

Over the 30 years of the SPNA's activity, its tasks have significantly expanded. Today, these are environmental monitoring of natural complexes, the organization of scientific research, recreational activities, security, fire and biotechnical measures, the development of eco-tourism and extensive ecological and educational work with the local population and visitors.

Currently, 36 people work in the reserve, many of whom have been awarded departmental and government awards for conscientious work.
"It is important to understand that "Dzherginsky" is not only a territory where nature is studied and protected, where rare species of animals and plants live, but also a place where people are charged with kind positive energy that helps to live in our difficult world. The reserve is a guardian of great spiritual and natural power," said the director – Chief state inspector in the field of environmental protection of the reserve "Dzherginsky" Nima Radnaev.

Prior to the organization of the Dzherginsky Reserve, no systematic study of the natural complexes of the upper reaches of the Barguzin River was carried out, and the available information was very incomplete and fragmentary. In 1992, with the formation of a protected area, the formation of a scientific staff began. It included specialists from various scientific fields: ornithologists, theriologists, entomologists, ichthyologists, botanists from the Buryat Scientific Center of the SB RAS and other leading research institutes of the Republic of Buryatia. To identify the patterns of transformation of the natural ecosystems of the upper reaches of the Barguzin River, in particular the relict glacial Amut basin, and to further predict its changes, a large series of permanent routes, trial areas and accounting lines were laid.

Modern scientific research in the reserve is primarily aimed at the implementation of long-term monitoring programs for the state of natural complexes of the Amut Basin. In addition to the inventory of various groups of animals, plants and their communities, much attention is paid to long-term monitoring on permanent sites and routes: the dynamics of the number of mammals, birds living in the ground layer of insects, accounting for berry yields, stationary observations of seasonal plant development. The most studied terrestrial vertebrates and higher vascular plants. An inventory of floral diversity has been compiled.

Monitoring of compliance with the nature protection regime of the reserve is carried out by the state inspectorate, which consists of 13 people. Protection of natural complexes is carried out by automobile, pedestrian, equestrian water, as well as air patrol. Employees of the security department provide great assistance to the Department of Science, Environmental Education and the development of regulated tourism and recreation: they participate in winter and summer route records, accompany scientific and tourist expeditions.

The staff of the reserve is doing a lot of work aimed at the development of ecotourism. Ecological trails "Stars of Balan-Tamur", "Old Evenk Trail", "Jirga" have been developed in the protected area. Since 2018, the ethnotouristic complex "Ethnocity of the indigenous peoples of Buryatia" has been functioning in the Birankur area – it is a complex of a Russian house, Evenki chums, Buryat yurts with a horse yard and a guest house "Friendship of Peoples". The plans include the development of specialized tourist products: botanical, ornithological and geological tours, tours with elements of birdwatching and other types of educational tourism.

In the photo: FSBI State Reserve Dzherginsky - waterfall Yurgon
Author Sergey Shvetsov


Опубликовано: 11 August 2022