Comparative characteristics of Lake Baikal
1. The largest lakes in the world
volumes of water km³
The volume of water in the lake - 23,000 cubic kilometers - first place in the world - 20% of the world's surface fresh water reserves and more than 90% of the reserves of Russia. The total annual flow of the largest rivers in Russia is about 10% of the water of Lake Baikal
The length of the lake - 636 km, the greatest width - 79.5 km, the lowest - 25 km. Maximum depth - 1,637 m. - the deepest lake in the world.
2. The annual flow of world's largest rivers, and Lake Baikal, cubic km
The coastline is over 2000 km, the area of 31500 square kilometers of water surface The catchment area - about 540,000 square kilometers Into the lake more than 300 rivers and streams, more than half of the flow gives the Selenga. Follows one Angara.
Of 2,630 species and subspecies of plants and animals of the lake, over 2000 anywhere in the world is no longer there.
3. European states, BPT, UVPN
|European states, BPT, UVPN ||km2 area|
|France ||551 |
|Spain ||505 |
|Finland ||337 |
|United Kingdom ||244|
|Венгрия ||93 |
The data were obtained from the materials of the state report on the state of Lake Baikal and measures for its protection in 2012, the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment.
The area of the Baikal natural territory (BPT) (386 thousand km) is comparable with the total area of nature reserves and national parks of Russia (411 thousand km).
Plot Area World Natural Heritage (UVPN) is 89 thousand km, includes Lake Baikal (31.5 thousand km), PA (34.7 thousand km), others territory (32.8 thousand km)
Directly adjacent to the coast of Lake Baikal 10 Protected Areas (PAs) - including 3 reserve, 2 national parks, sanctuaries 5. In addition to them in the Baikal natural territory is located a further 21 SPAs, 4 recreational areas, located more than 128 monuments of nature.
Baikal Rift Zone is a unique geological region and is characterized by high seismic activity. Age is determined by the lake in 23 million years.